DevSecOps: Secure code quickly and easily

This limits the window a threat actor has to take advantage of vulnerabilities in public-facing production systems. When software is developed in a non-DevSecOps environment, security problems can lead to huge time delays. The rapid, secure delivery of DevSecOps saves time and reduces costs by minimizing the need to repeat a process to address security issues after the fact. DevSecOps represents a natural and necessary evolution in the way development organizations approach security. In the past, security was ‘tacked on’ to software at the end of the development cycle (almost as an afterthought) by a separate security team and was tested by a separate quality assurance (QA) team.

Defining security compliance policies as code — and using automated tools to help enforce them — helps ensure that software and infrastructure adhere to security and compliance standards and regulations. Chef Compliance, in particular, is a great tool you can use to perform automated security compliance checks. A DevSecOps mindset is an absolute necessity for any IT organization that is leveraging containers or the cloud, both of which require new security guidelines, policies, practices, and tools. Due to the agile nature of these technologies, security must be integrated at every stage of the DevOps lifecycle and the CI/CD pipeline. Every organization with a DevOps framework should be looking to shift towards a DevSecOps mindset and bringing individuals of all abilities and across all technology disciplines to a higher level of proficiency in security.

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Some of the common yet highly sought-after features from DevSecOps tools are image assurance, intrusion detection, runtime protection, and other security features for microservices. With containerization and microservices being the foundation of modern application infrastructure, it is mandatory to integrate the proper DevSecOps tools into enterprise SOPs. That’s where well-developed and easy-to-use APIs also come into play as they help in extending and integrating tools across diverse platforms and application areas. The scanning microservice, like the central reporting microservice, the scanning microservice is made up of several modules. Each module is responsible for one application security service’s central reporting. Here a strong connection is established and maintained between the main framework and the on-premise services.

The biggest benefit of DevSecOps is that it eliminates silos between development and operations. As a result, software engineers integrate cybersecurity processes from the start of the development process. This includes ensuring that every component, configuration item, and installation process is securely patched and documented. This concept of shifting security to the left allows the security team to identify and remediate security threats early on.

DevSecOps Best Practices

One way to do this is via the use of IaC tools such as Terraform and AWS CloudFormation, which make it easier to maintain infrastructure consistency and security. All of the components described below are going to imply the necessity for some foundational elements; for example, infrastructure-as-code, source control, automation, clear communication pipelines, and many others. Individual platforms may implement these differently, but we will see those common elements emerge as designed.

How does DevSecOps Work

DevOps automation tools like OWASP ZAP and Fortify can be used to gather performance data and gain insights into any security issues. DevSecOps offers organizations a stronger approach to address modern security challenges in software development. DevSecOps helps teams create more secure software essentially by “shifting security left,” or by incorporating the first security checks early and continuing them all throughout the development lifecycle. With DevSecOps, security optimally is evaluated during the planning stage and then again in every subsequent phase, including coding, deployment, and post-release operations (continuous monitoring and updating). This merging of security checks into existing Dev and Ops workflows is achieved through a combination of automation and more fundamental cultural changes. DevSecOps is the practice of integrating security testing at every stage of the software development process.

What are the principles of DevSecOps?

Since every process and related workflow gets automated with strict security checks, the security requirements get fulfilled with higher accuracy. However, it is pivotal to select the right tools to maintain security in continuous integration (CI). However, there are many technical and cultural challenges ranging from tool integration to a lack of trust between devsecops software development developers and security teams that can impede the adoption of DevSecOps. Security professionals are tasked with identifying and preventing vulnerabilities in applications. Acceptance test criteria, user designs and threat models should be created by security professionals. The development team then needs to define a code review system to ensure uniformity.

  • When security concerns are raised late in the production cycle, teams will have to make significant changes to the solution before rolling it out.
  • Most companies utilize top appsec techniques such as SAST, DAST, interactive application security testing (IAST), and source composition analysis (SCA), to name a few, to ensure the usage and optimization of the right tools.
  • Developers use CI/CD tools to release new versions of an application and quickly respond to issues after the application is available to users.
  • Such microservice is also equipped with an API endpoint and the microservices focused on interacting with varied project data.
  • Integrating tools from different vendors into the continuous delivery process is a challenge.
  • Such training will enable developers to integrate security controls into the code.
  • Integrating best practices from the initial phases of development will enable you to have tighter control over the security of the final product.

Software teams ensure that the software complies with regulatory requirements. For example, developers can use AWS CloudHSM to demonstrate compliance with security, privacy, and anti-tamper regulations such as HIPAA, FedRAMP, and PCI. Finally, implement security orchestration and automation into your pipelines to streamline incident response processes. Automating incident responses makes it possible to contain and mitigate security risks and incidents more efficiently, reducing impact. Infrastructure as Codeis a method you can use to define and manage infrastructure configurations using code. Adopting this best practice helps you ensure that infrastructure is securely provisioned and configured from the very beginning.

Overarching DevSecOps Platform Considerations

VMware’s approach to DevSecOps is designed to provide development teams with the full security stack. DevSecOps combines information security best practices with the ability to integrate and deploy software changes continuously. The combination of DevOps and Sec can improve software reliability, security, and quality. Rather than considering security in late development and post-development phases, DevSecOps makes security integral to development activities through the development lifecycle. Security training involves training software developers and operations teams with the latest security guidelines.

The authority to operate (ATO) is the authority given by an authorizing official after assessment by the Chief Information Security Officer (CISO) that a system can “go live” with government data. Traditionally, ATO processes have come at the end of application development, but a DevSecOps environment requires that ATOs are achieved concurrently with development. Hence, the most mature environments will equate deployment with successful receipt of an ATO as the platform itself provides significant security assurances.

How Does the DevSecOps Pipeline Work?

Cloud technology, as well as the use of containers and microservices, require organizations to reevaluate their security policies, practices and tools. In this environment, many organizations are looking toward cloud-native security platforms (CNSP) as the answer. The goal of CNSPs, in part, is to simplify the complexity of securing a diverse, multi-cloud environment. CNSPs are designed to meet the needs of cloud-native architectures and the development practices of DevOps culture. Rather than focus on one particular vendor, CNSPs are cloud-agnostic and are built to provide visibility and protection across a hybrid stack.

How does DevSecOps Work

Automated scans can be initiated as part of code check-ins, builds, releases, or other components of the CI/CD pipeline. By integrating with tools developers are already using, dev teams can more easily improve the security aspect of web application development. Tools such as Jenkins, CircleCI, and Bamboo will help automate the parts of software development related to building, testing, and deployment, and should include security checks in the process. If you already have continuous integration/continuous delivery (CI/CD) tools and processes, it should be quite straightforward to add security checks into the mix.